Bible – What Is The New Testament

The New Testament is the name given to the second half of the Christian Bible, the 1st half recognized to Christians as the Old Testament.

Becoming the Hebrew Bible, is referred to as by the Jews as Tanakh. It is occasionally known as the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures or the New Covenant.

The New Testament records the life of Jesus Christ. It also offers with the early church and the which means of faith in Jesus. The New Testament was written in Greek, which was broadly spoken in the course of the time of Jesus. However, Jesus and His disciples spoke Aramaic.

The authors of the New Testament did not deliberately attempt to generate a Christian Bible. The early church already had a Bible, the Old Testament of Judaism. Nonetheless, differing views of Christian faith for the duration of the A.D. 100’s led the church to form the New Testament canon. It required the canon as authority against unacceptable religious views.The church also wanted to preserve the genuine story of Jesus’ life and death.

Books of the New Testament: The New Testament consists of 27 books organized into 4 sections–the Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, the Letters, and Revelation. The quantity of books and their order are the same in the Roman Catholic and Protestant versions.

The Gospels consist of 4 books: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. They appear as the 1st books in the New Testament, though they are not the earliest performs in the canon. The word gospel comes from the Old English word god spell, which implies good news.

The early church most likely accepted the 4 Gospels as authentic, even though the authors were unknown. Progressively, the church linked the Gospels with two of Christ’s apostles, Matthew and John, and two companions of apostles, Mark and Luke. Traditionally, they are considered to be the authors of the Gospels.

The Gospels describe the life of Jesus: Matthew, Mark, and Luke have similarities of detail and arrangement. They are named the Synoptic Gospels. The word synoptic comes from a Greek word that means see collectively.

The Synoptic Gospels differ from the Gospel of John in a number of approaches. In the Synoptic Gospels, for example, Jesus expresses His teachings chiefly in short sayings and in brief stories called parables. In John, He teaches by way of long statements.

Although the Synoptic Gospels normally deal with the same events, every single of the four Gospels regards Jesus differently. Matthew describes Him as the lawgiver who tells how Christians and their church ought to act. Mark shows Him as the Saviour who triumphs through suffering. Luke presents Jesus as the Saviour of all men and women. John concentrates on Jesus’ divine nature.

Numerous scholars think that Mark was the earliest Gospel, written just ahead of or following the Romans captured Jerusalem in A.D. 70. Matthew and Luke had been written a small later. The contents of these two Gospels indicate that each authors knew Mark’s Gospel but not each and every other’s. John was written final, probably in the A.D. 90’s.

The Acts of the Apostles is a single book. It continues the story told in Luke and was written by the identical author. Acts tells about the expansion of the early church. The story opens in Jerusalem, where the apostles collect soon after Jesus is raised from the dead. The book ends in Rome, exactly where Saint Paul, the church’s first wonderful missionary, preaches to the Jews although a Roman prisoner.

The Letters make up 21 books: These books contain some of the earliest writings in the New Testament, though they seem in the canon soon after the Gospels and the Acts. The Letters are also identified as the Epistles, from a Greek word which means to send.

The very first 13 letters are named the Pauline Letters because most of them have been written by Saint Paul. The last eight are referred to as the Basic Letters. Early church leaders wrote them, but scholars do not know who the authors had been or disagree on who they may have been.

The Pauline Letters preserve Paul’s preaching. He wrote the letters to Christian congregations he had founded. Most of the letters were probably written in the A.D. 50’s and early 60’s. Paul’s letters go over problems of faith and conduct.

The General Letters had been written over a number of years till about A.D. 125. They deal with issues faced by second- and third-generation Christians.

Revelation is one book: It is also referred to as the Apocalypse, from a Greek word which means to reveal. A man named John wrote the book, but he is almost certainly not the identical individual who wrote the Gospel of John.

Revelation begins as letters “to the seven churches that are in Asia.” It then provides a symbolic description of God’s final triumph, by way of Christ, more than evil and death. This description comes from a series of visions of the future sent by God to the author by way of an angel.

Development of the New Testament: The very first generation of Christians preserved memories of Jesus’ teachings, deeds, and Crucifixion largely by word of mouth. The story of Jesus was not written down in the Gospels till the second generation of the church.