Cotton Textile Industry
Cotton industry, cotton textile industry is very important to the latter chain of related industries, is also to enhance the overall value of the cotton industry are an important part. News from the Fifth Session of the Ninth CPPCC Tibet group discussions on scientific and technological know under the Cotton Textile Industry, “11 Five Year Plan” ,2006-2010 new construction projects in Xinjiang cotton textile industry reached 14.9 billion yuan in fixed assets investment, the new by 4.1 million cotton spindles, spinning 23,000 new, new textile machinery 4000. If the above plan can be fully implemented, Cotton textile industry automation, modernization will have a full upgrade, nearly twice the capacity than the current increase, the product grade and cotton textile capacity will be ranked among the fifth. Such an ambitious development plan requires people to realize, however, the current shortage of talents in Xinjiang textile industry, human resources issues outstanding.
Development of Cotton Textile Industry
Low labor productivity. Cotton textile industry in 2004 employed persons in accordance with all terms, 10 000 average 172 people, if only to calculate the first-line production employees, 10 000 employment has more than 150 people, some outdated facilities, the management of enterprise million more cotton in Xinjiang ingot employment even more than 200. As employment capacity, product grade is not high, value, and sales prices were lower. 2004 sales of Xinjiang cotton textile industry is only 91,600 yuan per capita, the value of about lower than the national average of Textile per capita sales nearly 40%, the equivalent of spinning only 51.8% of Shandong province, evident with the domestic the large gap between foreign counterparts.
Is the lack of professional management personnel, technical personnel and skilled operation. The late 90’s, with the benefit of state-owned textile industry declined, Xinjiang textile professional education and vocational education is almost annihilated, institutions of higher learning in Xinjiang and textile machinery Textile Engineering have suspended enrollment for many years, Xinjiang has become a textile mechanic school in Xinjiang Institute of Education Campus, textile craft classes at school only three, less than 200 students. According to the Xinjiang Textile Association statistics, all kinds of cotton textile enterprises in Xinjiang, professional and technical personnel not more than 5%, of which Cotton even lower proportion of professional and technical staff, not to 2% proficient in cotton textile industry, talent management more scarce. Cotton textile workers now come from outside areas of poverty in remote and backward areas, generally low level of education, in the same equipment, conditions, labor productivity was lower than the eastern region. Talent bottleneck has seriously affected the Cotton textile industry equipment commissioning, site management, order production, management decisions, as well as the textile industry of new technologies, new product development and innovation.
R & D and general and technical personnel shortage. Cotton textile industry in the early 90s have gradually started to introduce and technical upgrading of equipment. The end of 2004, 90 years after the comber and 69.2%, 32.5% of imported equipment, spinning machines account for more than 69%, 34.1% automatic winder.
Currently some cotton in Xinjiang cotton textile enterprises, even without professional product development and technical personnel, so many years without any change in products, cotton yarn market is difficult to respond to changing market demands and customers, and orders for new products, the needs of another Some enterprises have acquired high-grade, highly efficient new equipment, but the product is still the old varieties of middle and low, so that equipment can not normally play well there should be effective, this hardware and software environment does not match the conditions of the situation in Xinjiang cotton textile industry a certain degree of universality.
Cotton textile industry to improve the situation of human resources, we must attach great importance to local cotton textile industry in Xinjiang launch a comprehensive professional and technical personnel, and especially the following countermeasures:
Proposed regional people’s government, autonomous regions and autonomous labor authority education departments from the Industrial personnel, educational services at the basic concept of economic development in Xinjiang starting as early as possible to support development of Xinjiang’s cotton industry to solve all kinds of personnel training programs. The question now is talent supply can not meet the need, therefore, should consider re-autonomous government and the textile industry-related education, training programs, and on this basis with the university, secondary, technical schools to seriously negotiate the implementation of various types of cotton in Xinjiang Textile Training long-term plan.
To ensure timely implementation of the plan proposed the establishment of the regional government of Xinjiang cotton industry development fund of funds each year to support and reward out some training school personnel in Xinjiang cotton, textile and professional institutions to apply for a score of candidates and engaged in teaching and research of cotton outstanding teachers and researchers. SABUNG AYAM
Cotton Textile Industry