Coffee, like wine and cheese, is so much more than just its finished product. It takes a lot of time to make a good cup of coffee, and most of that time is actually spent by people you’ll never met, cultivating the coffee beans out in fields on mountain ranges as far away as Columbia, Java, and even Kenya.
Furthermore, coffee beans are a bit of a mystery to a lot people, since they only grow in specific regions, due to their finicky nature and need for specific weather patterns. Here’s a break-down of some of the most popular beans, and why they make such great coffee.
Sulawesi Toraja Kalossi One of the most popular and rare varieties of Arabica coffee around, these coffee beans grow at extremely high altitudes on the island of Sulawesi. The coffee is full-bodied, slightly more acidic than the similar Sumatra blend, and known for its fruit and dark chocolate undertones. As far as Malaysian coffee goes, this is one of the finest beans coming out of the area, and it commands high prices.
Colombian Coffee One of the biggest producers of coffee beans is Columbia, a country with a perfect environment for growing different varieties of Arabica beans, like Caturra, Typica, and Bourbon. The coffee grown in Columbia is imported by many countries around the world, like Japan, The United States, Australia, and Holland. Initially, harvested beans were roasted with charcoal in saucepans at the very beginning of Columbia’s long-going historical trade and harvesting.
Ethiopian Harrar One of the oldest coffee beans used, Harrar coffee beans grow only in the eastern highlands of Ethiopia, and require sorting and processing done entirely by hand, due to the brittle nature of the bean. The bean itself is medium in size, but has a distinct flavor that most people compare to an expensive glass of fruity red wine. The aroma is equally pleasant, and Ethiopian Harrar beans are sold in many gourmet stores around the world.
Santos Leave it to Brazil to make one of the most interesting coffee beans in the game. Instead of high acidity, like so many other varieties of Arabica coffee, this bean instead produces a light-bodied brew with surprisingly low acidity. The hot, humid climate in Brazil is what makes the beans so low in acidity, and the lower growing elevation means that harvests can be timed to when the fruit on the plant still smells sweet, which carries over into the beans once roasted.
Remember, while different countries all produce different types of beans, it doesn’t mean that the names on this list are the only type of coffee bean grown in that particular country. Furthermore, it is possible that many of these beans have shown up in different names and varieties through United States importers.
For socially-conscious consumers, one of the best things you can do, before deciding you absolutely must try a type of coffee bean, is to see if there’s an organization that produces and imports said beans in a fair-trade way. Harvesting coffee is tough work, and it’s a shame how unfairly paid a number of these production countries are, especially considering how much the beans draw around the world.
Ghosts of Sulawesi (Full Documentary)
The island of Sulawesi, the orchid-shaped island, is home to an ethnic group that has managed to remain oblivious to all the settlements, are the Toraja, members of a partnership holding their ancestral beliefs and customs.
In this fiercely hierarchical community’s own religious beliefs, the Aluk To Dolo, have their maximum expression in the funeral rites. In the course of this chapter we will develop one of these ceremonies in honor of an important member of the community Toraja.
The deceased’s body has been kept for three months immersed in a fluid stops decomposition, awaiting the moment that it may be the three-day long celebration bouncing this member of the upper classes. During the funeral will surprise the festive atmosphere surrounding the ceremony around which to develop leisure activities such as buffalo fights and is offered to the family of the deceased pigs as gifts.
We will witness the rivalry that exists between families carrying the coffin and the bloody sacrifices in which they kill large numbers of buffalo in the hope that the soul of these accompany the deceased to the afterlife and may well retain their privileges. On the third day, when they lack the power of families and sadness somehow needs to be released, a fun battle erupts water and mud among participants who demonstrates the amazing talent of the Toraja.