Editor’s note: This article from the World Bank “to solve water shortages in China” report, is the series of proposed background article “Europe and the U.S. experience in water resources management: from department to the integrated management of change” in the excerpt.
Europe and the United States experience the importance of public participation in water resources management
China’s water network news, as water resources management involving various levels and departments, involving multiple interests, broad stakeholder participation in policy formulation and implementation of the project is necessary. The implementation of integrated water resources management, public participation is particularly critical. For public participation will help the Government and polluters to fulfill its responsibilities and prevent the pursuit of the polluters and the executive branch only short-term economic interests, the management of water resources is conducive to balanced. Europe and the United States Environment Management attaches great importance to play the role of the public in recent years, relevant policies were introduced to promote public participation in water resource management.
(1) Europe Order to promote public participation, including water resources management including environmental management, developed a series of policy measures in Europe, of which there are two most influential policy documents, namely, “Aarhus Agreement” (The? RhusConvention) and “Public access to environmental information on the guidelines” (TheDirectiveonPublicAccesstoEnvironmentalInformation).
“Aarhus Agreement” “Aarhus Agreement,” the official name of “environmental affairs on the public access to information, participation and access to fair agreements” (TheConventiononAccesstoInformation, PublicParticipationinDecision-MakingandAccesstoJusticeinEnvironmentalMatters). The agreement in 1998 in Denmark, Aarhus organization by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe prepared by the European Union signed on October 30, 2001 came into effect.
“Aarhus Agreement” made on the definition of public participation, that is, “including water users in order to ensure public participation in watershed management, including plans to develop and update the plan of measures is necessary to provide appropriate information, to report on its implementation progress to the final before the decision to take the necessary measures to enable public participation. ” The agreement established the three pillars of public participation: First, everyone has the right to control access to public institutions of environmental information; Second, everyone has the right to participate from the early stages of environmental decision-making; Third, the lack of respect rights or violation of the above two Environmental protection Law, public policy, every person has the right to challenge in court. At all levels from central to local government agencies have an obligation to promote the realization of these rights efforts.
“Aarhus Agreement,” the signing of the EU’s environmental management has had a profound impact. In order to meet the requirements of the Agreement, the EU and its Member States subsequently taken steps to amend the existing legal provisions that directly spawned the term “water resources management framework for the guidelines.”
Public participation and consultation on the issue, “the guidelines” a series of demands, made clear that Member States should encourage the active participation of all stakeholders “guidelines” for implementation, in particular, to participate in the formulation of watershed management plans , evaluated and updated. “Guidelines” requiring all Member States shall undertake: (1) at least three years, has proposed a timetable for each river basin management plans and procedures, including public consultation on measures to be taken; (2) published at least two years important on the basin water resources management in the mid-term review report; (3) at least one year announced a draft watershed management plan. The public if requested, have the right to draft watershed management plan was used in the background documents and information. Member States should allow the community at least six months the parties in writing of the draft plan and comment on these documents. SABUNG AYAM