Mumbai, after identified as Bombay, is one particular of the most densely populated cities in the world. In 1533, when the Portuguese set up Bom Bahia, which indicates “very good bay”, no 1 could have imagined how Mumbai would function out.
In India there is no official program in place to register individuals and addresses. This tends to make any calculation of the population of Mumbai a hugely uncertain job. This sprawling city is contemporary India’s centre for organization and commerce, its economic capital and web site of the the biggest funds market place in the nation. The Bombay Stock Exchange, founded in 1875 and based in Mumbai, is the oldest in Asia. Mumbai is also home to the biggest film sector in the globe. Even Hollywood can not match the sheer number of films that are made in Bollywood.
Mumbai is a city of contrasts exactly where gleaming skyscrapers stand side by side with decrepit shacks, where air conditioned tourist buses cruise along subsequent to ox carts. Business goes on day and night. European style buying centres, recreation venues, bars, discos and pubs are everywhere. What ever your taste, whatever you desire, you can probably locate it in Mumbai. Multiplex cinemas are found on each and every street simply because Indians have a really like affair with motion pictures. As is the case with many massive cities, Mumbai is also beset with a lengthy list of social difficulties. At the top of the list is uncontrolled population growth.
Land is scarce, and the cost of living is really higher compared to the rest of the nation. Roughly six million people live in slums these days, making up nearly half of the city’s population. Many of the poor, unable to afford Mumbai’s relatively expensive housing costs, live far outdoors the city centre in impoverished commuter communities. Several devote numerous hours a day travelling to work through Mumbai’s comprehensive rail and bus system.
Mumbai is not an simple, relaxing city to check out and it is not specifically brimming with standard tourist attractions. Nonetheless, if you are ready and prepared to travel to every corner of the city, there are certainly some lovely locations to pay a visit to. The property exactly where Mahatma Gandhi lived from 1917 till 1934, for example, is open to the public. Known locally as Mani Bhavan, it includes a museum and research centre devoted to the life and work of its famous former occupant.
The Gateway of India is also worth a pay a visit to. This monumental gateway straight on the harbour is a symbol of both Old Bombay and modern Mumbai. It was constructed in 1911 to welcome King George V and his queen, Maria von Teck on the occasion of their check out to the city. Boat tours of the harbour leave from this location, offering the greatest views of the Mumbai skyline, with the Gateway of India in the foreground and the Taj Mahal Hotel behind it. It is also possible to take a boat ride to Elephanta Island, where the Temple Cave of the Lord Shiva is positioned, one of the two UNESCO Globe Heritage Sites in the city.
The second UNESCO Planet Heritage Site in Mumbai is the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly recognized as Victoria Terminal. Committed in 1888, it has extended been one particular of the biggest and busiest railway stations on Earth. Its imposing scale was deliberately designed as an assertion of British claims to power and the correct to rule. Architect Frederick Stevens created a functional building that is absolutely nothing quick of monumental, combining the neoGothic style of the early Victorian era with elements derived from classic Indian architecture. Richly ornamented, with every detail precisely rendered, this magnificent behemoth is under threat today from the damage completed by smog and acid rain. From a purely practical point of view, the train station remains as essential nowadays as it as soon as was to British colonial administrators. More than 1,000 trains pass by way of the station day-to-day, carrying an typical of 3 million passengers.