Sun Kwan Moo
A tiny-known, Buddhist-primarily based martial art, sun kwan moo contains meditation and physical instruction with the aim of advancing students toward enlightenment. Probably of Zen origin (called “sun” in Korean), it began following 1945 and, in the 1960s, was taught at Bom Oh Temple in Korea.
Uniquely, students engage in a exceptional exercise identified as “tol palki,” which entails hopping from rock to rock on a mountain prime, with the hope of attaining the elusive state of “no mind.”
Developed by skilled sport scientists and former gold medalists at Yong-In University in Korea, Yongmudo is a new hybrid martial art aimed at enhancing physical action, mental endurance, and functions requiring each. It has grow to be a compulsory element in the physical education of students, with three levels of difficulty or rank– newbie, moderate, and advanced. Yongmudo combines kicking methods from tae kwon do, shifting and throwing techniques from hapkido, and throwing techniques from judo. This art also includes elements of ssireum and fencing.
Also known as “kun gek do,” gwon gyokdo is a hybrid art incorporating tactics from standard Korean martial arts and muay Thai. Founded by Jung Do Mo, who studied muay Thai, gwon gyokdo combines kicks from tae kwon do with kicking and boxing strategies from muay Thai. Unusually, open-hand techniques are removed due to the danger of injury to fingers.
Still in its infancy in Korea, gwon gyokdo is a competitive sport that involves ring fighting and 27 self-defense tactics, some of which defend against a employees, iron bar, and knife. Instruction contains boxing-style tactics, such as lunging knee and elbow strikes, practiced with protective gear. As opposed to other Asian martial arts, it focuses solely on “wai gong,” or external energy ability. Students increase physical strength by means of weight coaching and drilling of tactics, and situation their hands and feet with heavy-bag function and by repeatedly striking a wooden plank wrapped in rice-straw rope.
Hwa Rang Do
This technique of defense and offense is named following an elite officer warrior unit called the Hwa Rang, which existed throughout the 3 Kingdoms period of Korean history (57 BCE to 668 CE) and was special to the Silla area in the south of the nation.
Modern day style
Two brothers, Joo Bang Lee and Joo Sang Lee, created the syllabus right after studying with a monk named Suahm Dosa at the Suk Wang Sa Temple in Ham Nam, North Korea. They escaped to South Korea when the Communists took over and then, throughout the 1960s and 70s, appeared in documentaries that have been broadcast about the planet. Viewers watched in amazement as they demonstrated extraordinary feats of strength and concentration, such as smashing bricks on their foreheads and withstanding the weight of trucks driving more than their abdomens.
The brothers’ program teaches the use of 108 diverse weapons, along with three categories of distancing: striking with the hand, foot, head, or weapon close-quarter leverage, grappling, and throwing tactics and ground fighting.
Students discover qi gong (“ki gong” in Korean), meditation, breathing, full-and semicontact sparring, drills, and routines. The ultimate aims are balance in life and harmony with other folks and with nature. Correct alignment is a concentrate of instruction when employing strikes, throws, and holds. To accomplish a initial-degree black belt takes up to 15 years of continuous instruction. Joo Bang Lee is at present the leading exponent of hwa rang do and the only holder of the black belt (10th Dan)–the highest grade.
Recognized by the Korean government in 1983, but tiny known outside of Korea, taekyon is a conventional dancelike and athletic martial art. It uses highly effective and deadly correct kicks for both attacking and defending maneuvers.
It could be accompanied by dancing and singing–in a three-three rhythm as opposed to the four-four timing of other martial arts–that recall its Mongol ancestry. The fundamental stepping pattern is unique and really difficult to learn, with uncommon angles of attack that are extremely effective in felling opponents.
Some professionals regard taekyon as a sport simply because matches were held as form of entertainment in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Combat techniques contain “sonkisul”(a grabbing action), head-butting, grappling, and trapping moves, as well as kicks, pushes, sweeps, stamps, and “palgisul” (trips). These are combined with “pumbalki,” the triangular footwork that is supposed to mimic the timing of a galloping horse. One particular startling fact about taekyon is that players are taught to be satisfied and relaxed in the course of fighting and need to not focus overly on aggression or unfavorable mental attitudes, such as hate or anger. The attitude reduces muscular tension, top to faster responses and reflexes. It also reduces worry, which further enhances efficiency.
Taekyon’s recognition has fluctuated more than the centuries–at one particular point it was even banned–but not too long ago there has been a renewed interest in the art. Nonetheless, in the past it was practiced primarily by farmers, peasants, and gangsters, so training was random and there had been numerous teachers. With good results in combat as the major objective, today’s practitioners focus on finding out and utilizing a handful of powerful techniques with a higher degree of proficiency.
Hapkido is a systemized kind of combat that utilizes throws, restraints, locks, chokes, kicks, and strikes. The method is sweetly and succinctly described in the hapkido poem: “As the flowing stream penetrates and surrounds its obstructions, and dripping water eventually penetrates the stone, so does the hapkido strength flow in and by means of his opponents.” The principles of concentrate, balance, and leverage underpin hapkido. Timing and motion on the physical plane can also be adopted into the intellectual, emotional, and spiritual realms.
Influences on hapkido
Over 2,000 years of tradition have influenced hapkido, like the ancient tribal tactics (or “sado moosul”) of archery, and sword and knife-fighting, which may possibly have been practiced on horseback. Confucian doctrine shaped its philosophy, even though Buddhism taught warriors to meet their responsibilities and act with benevolence. Martial arts, such as judo, jujutsu, and karate contributed to hapkido’s tactics. Added to this, the kicking and striking tactics from Korean arts, such as taekyon and subak, fermented hapkido’s collection of strategies into a way of living rather than just a fighting method.
Right after Choi Yong Shul founded the modern art of hapkido in the 1950s, only tiny groups practiced it. Later, through Jihan Jae, the head hapkido instructor to the presidential bodyguard, hapkido became quite popular in Korea and abroad.
Hapkido’s emphasis is on self-defense as opposed to sport. Students learn to use weapons as well as methods of defending themselves against an untrained opponent–who is likely to mount an uncommon, smothering-type attacks rather than a more coordinated, linear one. They discover to strike the pressure points of acupuncture in order to unbalance opponents prior to a throw or lock, or to disable them.
To become a master of hapkido, practitioners have to grasp, apply, and live by three principles: water moves about an object, but never loses force the circle represents never ever-ending, continuous movement and harmony applied internally must also be directed externally to each and every situation.
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