The bad news is, if the glucose numbers of diabetes after 2 fasting tests is 126 or above, that is full-blown diabetes. If the numbers are 100-125, you are in a pre-diabetes range (also known as impaired fasting glucose). In the latter case, the good news is you have a chance in preventing type 2 diabetes (formerly known as adult-onset diabetes). No one says it is going to be easy, but just think of the rewards. Studies show that people who have pre-diabetes develop Type 2 within ten years, with some people developing it sooner. People with pre-diabetes are also prone to cardiovascular disease, as with this disease there are no warnings or symptoms, and there are changes to the body which are not obvious. Glucose is supposed to fuel the cells for energy, but instead it circulates in the blood stream. Insulin’s job is to get the glucose into the cells depending upon the glucose level. In Type 2, persons can produce insulin, but their cells don’t respond.
It has been shown that pre-diabetes can be identified six to eight years before its onset. If you have it, now is the time to take steps to prevent future problems.
1. Make a sugar glucose tolerance test part of your annual physical, or get one more often than that.
2. Keep in mind that you must change to a healthier lifestyle, with proper eating. Whole grains should be added to your diet. It is wise to see a nutritionist to see what you should or should not eat.
3. Lose weight if necessary, preferably 5 to 7% of your body weight.
4. Keep physically active. Start walking, fifteen minutes at first, and then advance to thirty minutes.
5. If a doctor recommends it, get a diabetes monitor and check your glucose level 2 or three times a week.
6. If you have a family history of diabetes or belong to a high risk group, see your doctor often.
Take pre-diabetes very seriously. You don’t want diabetes and its complications, especially if you can avoid it. Learn all about preventing Type 2 diabetes.