Muay Thai is a tough fighting martial art that resembles pradel serey, tomoi, and muay Lao from Laos. It is most likely derived from muay boran and krabi krabong. Also recognized as Thai boxing or Thai kickboxing, it is the national sport of Thailand and enjoys worldwide recognition, thanks in part to a day-to-day televised bout in Thailand and the film Ong Bak, starring Tony Jaa in a feature that seamlessly blended acrobatic stunts and Thai boxing.
Muay Thai is frequently identified as the art (or science) of eight limbs, due to the fact practitioners use eight points of attack: feet, hands, elbows, and knees. Western boxers by comparison use two points of attack (fists).
The very first muay Thai fights
Exact info on muay Thai’s origins is sketchy, purportedly because the Burmese destroyed Siamese historical records in 1767. According to common legend, “Black Prince” Naresuen of Siam defeated the Burmese crown prince in a single bout of muay Thai in 1560, which brought on King Bayinnaung of Burma to abandon his attack on Thailand. In 1774, the 1st recorded muay Thai contest was held in Rangoon at a festival organized by Lord Mangra, king of Burma, to honor the Buddhist faith. A Thai boxer known as Nai Khanom Tom defeated nine Burmese boxers in a row, impressing the king with his strength and agility.
Muay Thai fights are generally of 5 three-minute rounds, with a two-minute rest among every single round. Ringcraft (fighting techniques and approaches), conditioning, and fitness are crucial. As in Western boxing, the referee can finish a bout by giving a ten-second count to a knock-down, if he thinks a boxer is in certain danger, or if there have been 3 knock-downs for the duration of a single round.
Traditionally, fighters bound their hands in cloth, dipped them in glue, then sprinkled their fists with broken glass, bringing a frightening and bloody element to matches. This practice was stopped in 1929 and now most fighters put on European common boxing gloves. Their hands are wrapped in boxing wraps to protect their fists and to harden them by compressing the bones. They also wear groin protection, shorts elasticated at the waist, and optional elasticated ankle supports.
Bouts are accompanied by music “si muay,” which is played by a 4-piece orchestra consisting of “shing” (cymbals), “klong kaek” and “kon” (drums), and “pi Java” (a clarinet).
Ritual dance and fighting stance
In a prefight ritual dance (“ram muay wai kruh,” or “kruh,” for short). Boxers spend homage to their instructors and hex their opponents with black magic. They frequently make a loud hissing sound as they exhale air by way of their teeth, which assists to control breath, oxygenate muscle tissues, and inspire self-confidence.
Their fighting stance resembles a Western boxer’s, except they hold their guard greater and slightly a lot more extended away from their face to safeguard against elbow and foot strikes. Fighters tend to shuffle forward and back, major with one foot. They turn their elbows inward to protect the body and to let for guarding movements that protect the ribs in the course of an onslaught.
Kicking and punching
The signature kick is the low-level roundhouse, or hook, kick at an opponent’s thigh. Designed to demoralize an opponent and restrict his mobility, it is usually delivered with the shin and the toe hooked inward as opposed to a regular roundhouse in which the toe is pointed back. Boxers precondition the shin more than a lot of years by striking it against bamboo trees. Punching resembles the Western boxing tactics of jabs, crosses, hooks, upper cuts, and overhand head punches. Thai boxers use long-range hooks that close the distance following kicking and are frequently followed by a combination of close-quarter upper cuts, hooks, and jabs.