The influences of Buddhism can be noticed in all aspects of the Thai life and culture. In the residence, individuals maintain for worship the Buddha photos of various sizes on modest altar-tables. Even though travelling, they wear small Buddha pictures around their necks as objects of veneration and recollection or as amulets for adornment and protection. When passing sacred places like the Royal Chapel of the Emerald Buddha, devout Buddhists never ever fail to pay respect to them. Several instances for the duration of the year they hold and attend festivals at a monastery. Occasionally they go on a pilgrimage to some favourite shrines located in a remote spot. Monastery buildings such as the Uposatha hall and the repository of Buddha photos are normally the most beautiful and ornate buildings in the village. The Buddha’s teachings and Buddhist literature such as the Jataka tales have inspired Thai literature and most of the Thai art forms, especially mural paintings which cover the interior walls of most temples. Pali and Sanskrit are recognized as classical languages. A massive quantity of Thai words, specifically those used in royal language and writ-ten language are derived from Pali and Sanskrit. Scholars writing textbooks generally turn to Pali and Sanskrit roots for modern day technical vocabulary.
BUDDHISM AS LIVED AND CHERISHED
BY THE THAI Folks
In former days, when Thai men had been young, they served as temple boys in the monasteries and were given instruction in reading, writing and basic arithmetic as properly as in religion and morals. Through classic ordination which is nonetheless observed right now, they are bound to the Order by ties of knowledge or close connection with the monks who are their former sons, relatives or friends. At least they reside in the Buddhist atmosphere in which they are linked with the religion by ties of custom, by attending religious rites, ceremonies and temple festivals, or by benefiting, either straight or indirectly, from some activities and spiritual influence of religious institutions. Buddhism is their national heritage, the glory of their nation which they feel bound to preserve. Even these who are Buddhists merely by name advantage from, and are influenced by, Buddhism in some or other methods. Their cycle of life turns about activities directly or indirectly connected with Buddhism.
Devout Buddhists could give food offerings frequently in the morning, send cash contributions to their neighbourhood monasteries, or contribute to some meritorious causes such as building an Uposatha hall elsewhere. Thai calendars generally show a particular day of each week which is identified as Wan Phra, or the Buddhist holy day, when the pious are typically especially active in their merit-producing. They might take food offerings to the monasteries or go to hear specific sermons and observe additional precepts there, There are also Buddhist discussions or sermons on the radio which they can listen to, and Buddhist programs on tv to watch on such days.
Some bigger monasteries hold particular applications on Saturday and Sunday, the official holidays of the week, so that working men and women could be capable to benefit from their service. Several boys and girls go to attend classes at Buddhist Sunday schools which are carried out in monasteries each in Bangkok and in the provinces. The initial of the Buddhist Sunday schools was founded at Mahachula Buddhist University in B.E. 2501 (1958 C.E.). The quantity of Buddhist Sunday schools elevated rapidly in the course of the final two decades, and 297 have been founded up to the present time.