China, a nation in East Asia, is home to world’s oldest continuous civilizations. With Beijing as its capital, China holds a total geographical area of 9,596,960 sq. km. Its climate is tropical in south to sub-arctic in north.
Tianjin, Shanghai, Shenyang, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Harbin and Chengdu are some of the major places of attraction. Han Chinese is the largest ethnic group in China who comprise around 91% of the total population. Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uygur, Yi, Mongolian, Tibetan, Buyi and Korean are some of the other ethnic groups which dominates the area.
The Republic of China was formed on 1st January 1912 which leads to the end of Quing Dynasty. Sun Yat-sen, belongs to National Party, was declared as the president of the new republic.
China is almost same size as the United States of America and the eastern part of china is surrounded by the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea. China shares its border with India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the South; Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to the West; Mongolia and Russia to the North and North Korea to the East.
China is home to several world famous tourist attractions including Great Wall of China, Tibet, Silk Road, Hainan island and tropical paradise. It also holds dozens of UNESCO World Heritage sites. Most of the places in China have famous Buddhist arts. Yungang Grottoes, around 1500 year old, in Sichuan province has more than 51,000 Buddhist carvings.
You can see art and manuscripts dating back to the 4th century in the Mogao Caves situated near Dunhuang in Gansu province. Dazu Rock near Chongqing and Longmen Grottoes near Luoyang hold carvings which date from 5th to 13th century.
China has several sacred mountains which attract tourists in large number. Mount Tai, Mount Hua, Mount Heng, Mount Heng and Mount Song are the five great mountains associated with Taoism: The country also holds four sacred mountains associated with Buddhism and three main sacred mountains of Tibetan Buddhism including Mount Emei, Mount Jiuhua, Mount Putuo, Mount Wutai, Mount Kailash, Kawa Karpo and Amnye Machen.
Beijing, literally means Northern Capital, is the capital city of China – the most populous county in the world. Untill the fomation of the Republic of China in 1911, Beijing was the seat of Ming and Quing dynasties. It holds several places of historical importance ans government institutions. Famous for its uniformity and standard construction, Beijing has only one hill in the city limits. Beijing has concentric rectangular ring roads which run around the metropolis.
There are many tourist places which attracts lot of people around the world. The Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven, Tiananmen Square, Hutongs, Beijing Zoo, Beijing Botanical Gardens, Beihai Park, Yonghegong, Fragrant Hills, Hutongs and Military Museum of the Chinese People’s Revolution are some of the major places of attaction in Beijing.
Also known as the Palace Museum, Forbidden City is really the spot to value the strength and splendor of the Imperial Chinese court during the height of its power in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Built by Mao, Tiananmen Square is the largest square in the world. The square is surrounded by Soviet-style monuments and government buildings. It still remains as an amazing place and a place to stay behind and see visitors from all over the world.
Temple of Heaven, situated to the south-east of Qianmen and the Tiananmen Square, is a marvelous sight for tourists. The temple was the place where the king prayed every year for superior harvests and good weather. Summer Palace houses widespread gardens and the ruins of palaces constructed by the Qing emperors in the ancient era. Beijing Zoo has an aquarium which is one of the biggest in the world, and extremely remarkable.
Beihai Park consists of big island and white pagoda which was built in the 17th century. Also known as Lama Temple or Palace of Peace, Yonghegong was built by Chinese emperors in the ancient time. Many Tibetan and Mongolian monks lived and taught here over the years. The temple houses an 18m statue of Maitreya Buddha carved from a single piece of sandalwood. Situated to the east of Tiananmen Square, Legation Quarter was famous for Boxer Rebellion. Now it is occupied by government offices and army offices.