New York City. The Big Apple. The most populated city in the United States of America, with some eight million residents, and the most famous city, too. It is a tourist destination for citizens of the United States and foreigners alike. People all over the world know this city. People all over the world want to visit it, and plenty of people, in America and abroad, want to live there in hopes of pursuing the happiness that our constitution guarantees its citizens. How did New York City become such a global city?
When Europeans first came to the area of New York City in 1524, it was inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans. When the Europeans took over the area, if became a Dutch fur trading settlement called New Amsterdam. In 1664, the city received the name of “New York” when it became property of England through a trade with the Dutch. The native people of the area were dwindling already, and continued to diminish in population between 1660 and 1700. Yellow fever struck the area heavily, and in 1702, the city actually lost ten percent of its population to the epidemic. Outbreaks continued until about 1800.
The city grew as an important trading post through the years under British control. As we all know, though, soon enough to people in America grew tired of British control. New York City was the hosting location for several important events leading up to the American Revolution. The trial of John Peter Zenegar was held there in 1735, which ended by establishing freedom of press. in 1754, Columbia University was founded in Lower Manhattan. In 1765, the Stamp Act Congress met that concluded with a declaration of rights that highlighted fourteen points of protest from the colonial people.
During the Revolution itself, the largest battle took place in New York City in August of 1776. It is known as the Battle of Long Island, the Battle of Brooklyn, or the Battle of Brooklyn Heights and was the first major battle following the Declaration of Independence. The only attempt made during the war to come to a peaceful solution was a meeting held at the Conference House on Staten Island in September of 1776.
In the nineteenth century, the city was totally transformed by industry and immigration. And so the mixing pot of America began and people from around the world sailed in to the United States and were greeted by the Statue of Liberty.
Today, the city retains its great diversity and has grown in industry, as well as developed itself as an economic center to the world, the capital for arts across the nation, and an overall must-see destination for people everywhere. SABUNG AYAM